Philadelphia Museum Shaped Early American Culture
Tucked in a corner of Philadelphia’s Kensington neighborhood is the historic Palmer Cemetery, the final resting place of Revolutionary War heroes, politicians and some of the earliest American businessmen.
Established in 1732, Palmer canada goose outlet germany Cemetery is canada goose outlet new york one of the country’s oldest canada goose outlet seattle free burial grounds and it’s still active. The cemetery is open to residents of this once thriving fishing and shipbuilding port known as “Fishtown” on the banks of the Delaware River.
The cemetery has reached capacity, so the process of finding a burial plot is decidedly unorthodox head out with a metal rod and begin poking into the ground in search of empty space. Today, 18th century tombstones stand alongside one that marks the grave of an Iraq war veteran, for instance.
What does it mean to be an American? In a month long series that spans three centuries, Weekend Edition Sunday travels to the historic city of Philadelphia to find some answers.
By the time of the Revolutionary War in 1776, Philadelphia had expanded from a small town with a predominantly Quaker population into a bustling mix of communities. It was a rowdy melting pot that included European immigrants and African Americans living side by side in the city’s packed quarters.
canada goose coats Philadelphia soon became an economic and political powerhouse, and with that rise it began to shape a new cultural identity that https://www.canadagooseoutletcanada.ca would distinguish “Americans” from their Old World roots. At the forefront of this cultural change was Charles Willson Peale. canada goose coats
Historians describe Peale, who was born in 1741, as a visionary of his time an artist, a scientist and a naturalist.
canada goose uk shop He is probably best known for his portraits of some of the patriots of the Revolution. What isn’t as well known is that he is essentially responsible for the United States’ museum system today. Peale began by collecting artifacts and displaying them in his home in the heart of Philadelphia before moving them to a larger site that became one of the country’s first public museums: the Philadelphia Museum. canada goose uk shop
canada goose clearance “He was a soldier in the American Revolution and in fact managed to meet all the major generals, including Washington. In the course of his travels, he painted all of their portraits, set up a painting room here in Philadelphia, served in the state Legislature,” says David Brigham, the Edna S. Tuttleman Museum Director at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia. canada goose clearance
“In 1786, someone brought to him a bone from Kentucky of a mastodon, and Peale was fascinated by it and put it on display in his painting room, and found that it was canada goose outlet mississauga a greater attraction than all the paintings that he had amassed of the leaders of the American Revolution,” Brigham says.
Because Peale was a curious person who was brought up during the Enlightenment, Brigham says, “he established what became the most important and really the first public museum of art and science in America.”
Canada Goose sale Peale wanted his museum to canada goose clothing uk be a national university, accessible “to both the learned and the unwise,” Brigham says. He wanted to draw people from across all social classes, and crafted lectures and presentations that would be interesting and relevant to the widest range of people. Canada Goose sale
Canada Goose Parka Brigham says Peale also believed that the new nation needed economic as well as political freedom. By understanding nature, promoting innovation and showcasing accomplished people, Peale felt that he could encourage this economic independence. Canada Goose Parka
uk canada goose In many respects, Brigham says, Peale drafted the blueprint for the way museums are run today. uk canada goose
“Not only did he create the first museum, but he created the first marketing campaigns, the first solicitations for gifts to his museum,” Brigham says. “He had certificates that donors received that said, ‘Of grains of sand are mountains made.’ The idea was that. this was not only Peale’s museum, it was the canada goose outlet michigan community’s museum. It was the nation’s museum, and he really believed that.”
An annual ticket to the museum cost a dollar, and early members included everyone from presidents to congressmen to merchants and skilled laborers.
Carol Soltis, curator of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, says Peale’s exhibits had to be crowd pleasers because much of his funding came from ticket sales. “So you had to do things like have moving pictures he painted these moving pictures with lights behind them, and that was fun.. He brought in professors to lecture on different topics and he had new ethnographic finds,” she says.
Peale’s museum ultimately became the repository canada goose outlet price for canada goose uk specimens and objects from expeditions out West. “There was no Smithsonian, so you would send it to Peale,” Solis says.
uk canada goose outlet After Peale’s death in 1827, the museum was left to his sons. But by the 1840s, the canada goose outlet store montreal museum had closed. Most of the artifacts were sold off. In fact, one of the buyers was the ultimate showman, PT Barnum. uk canada goose outlet
cheap canada goose uk Many of Peale’s 19th century ideas are still fresh, Brigham says. cheap canada goose uk
Canada Goose online “He wanted culture not to be difficult and somehow painful, but fun canada goose outlet and uplifting and entertaining.. It was described in the 20th century as middle brow culture,” Brigham says. “We have a high brow, low brow division, but there’s an awfully big middle brow. And I think Peale was an advocate of that middle brow PBS, The History Channel and things like that, that you can be educated and learn in a fun way.” Canada Goose online.